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Education Indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program 2007

Elementary-secondary education

Early years and school readiness

  • Canadian parents reported in 2004/2005 that the physical health of their 4- and 5-year-old children was generally very good.
  • In 2004/2005, 18% of 4- and 5-year-old boys had received a diagnosis of asthma at some point in their lives, along with 9% of 4- and 5-year-old girls.
  • Approximately 60% of 4- and 5-year-olds had an adult who read to them every day.
  • More 4- and 5-year-old girls than boys looked at books or tried to read on their own daily (75% vs. 67% among the 5-year-olds).
  • In 2004/2005, the vast majority of 4- and 5-year-olds had normal or advanced receptive language skills (83% to 89% depending on gender and age).

Elementary-secondary school enrolments and educators

  • Between the 1997/1998 and 2004/2005 school years, enrolments in public elementary and secondary schools rose in only two provinces, Ontario and Alberta.
  • There were approximately 310,000 educators country-wide in 2004/2005.The number of female educators far exceeded the number of male educators in all age groups. Most full-time educators, whether male or female, were in the 30-to-59 age range. The proportions of full-time educators in the oldest age group were very low, with few working after the age of 60.
  • Between 1997/1998 and 2004/2005, the number of students per educator declined. The student-educator ratio in public elementary-secondary schools fell from 16.6 to 15.9 at the Canada level.

Secondary school graduation

  • The pan-Canadian high school graduation rate in 2002/2003 was 74%.
  • In Canada as a whole, in 2002/2003, graduation rates were higher for females (78%) than for males (70%). The situation was the same in 1997/1998.

Student achievement

  • In terms of mathematics literacy, Canada???s performance on OECD???s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) was strong, with only Hong Kong-China and Finland, performing significantly better than Canada.
  • Across Canada, 71% of 13-year-olds and 64% of 16-year-olds reached the expected levels on the 2004 science assessment of the School Achievement Indicators Program (SAIP).
  • In the SAIP writing assessment, in 2002, 84% of 13-year-olds and 61% of 16-year-olds reached the expected levels.
  • In the SAIP mathematics assessment, in 2001, 64% of 13-year-olds and 50% of 16-year-olds reached the expected levels in mathematics content.

Information and communications technologies (ICT)

  • In 2003, the average number of students per school computer in OECD countries was 15. Canada???s average of six students per every school computer is among the most favourable.
  • In Canada, 89% of 15-year-olds in 2003 had a home Internet connection, ranking second after Sweden (90%).
  • Overall, about 90% of students in Canada reported frequent computer use at home in 2003, about double that claiming frequent use of school computers (4 in 10).
  • Although at least 95% of Canadian 15-year-old students had access to computers, either at home or at school, over one-quarter (28%) said they ???never??? used computers for learning their school material.